1. Q: How can Fibersol®-2 AG be incorporated into instant beverage “stick packs,” table top sweeteners, supplements, tablets/capsules, and instant spice mixes and gravies?
A: Fibersol®-2 AG, digestion resistant maltodextrin, a soluble corn fiber, can be incorporated in many instant applications with minimal formulation development or formulation adjustments. The agglomerated soluble corn fiber incorporated into a dry-blended instant application serves to enhance the overall nutritional profile of food products through the addition of soluble dietary fiber.
Fibersol®-2 AG can be blended with other ingredients for use in instant food applications. The soluble corn fiber is agglomerated to readily disperse and dissolve in water with minimal agitation in instant applications. Fibersol®-2 AG can be used as the primary dry ingredient in an instant or supplement application, and does not need to be dry-blended with other ingredients for dispersion. It is also ideal for use in tableting or capsules. You will find that Fibersol®-2 AG, soluble corn fiber, is the fiber you want for instant formulation.
2. Q: What type of claims can be made by incorporating Fibersol®-2 AG into beverages and dry mix blend?
A: In support of nutrient content claims, factors such as the amount of total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol and sodium in the finished food must be taken into account to allow a claim. Standard of identity must be properly maintained when incorporating Fibersol®-2 AG into any application and additional qualifications will apply.
In order to make a “good source/10%+ Daily Value” of fiber claim, 2.8 grams of Fibersol®-2 AG must be used in order to reach the 2.5 gram amount needed. This assumes that Fibersol®-2 AG is the sole source of dietary fiber in the application.
In order to make an “excellent source/20+% Daily Value” of fiber claim, 5.6 grams of Fibersol®-2 AG must be used in order to reach the 5.0 gram amount needed. This assumes that Fibersol®-2 is the sole source of dietary fiber in the application.
3. Q: Can Fibersol®-2 AG be used in no sugar added beverages and drink mixes?
A: Fibersol®-2 AG contains very few simple sugars for your consideration of a “no sugar added” or “sugar free” claim (21CFR101.60) and can be used up to 10 grams (dry basis) in any food application while providing only 0.20 grams of sugars (typical value).
4. Q: How can the Fibersol®-2 AG calculator help in formulation development of dry mix beverages?
A: The Fibersol®-2 AG calculator has been built to show formulators how to incorporate Fibersol®-2 AG into an established formulation in order to increase the fiber content of a finished product. The calculator lays out two easy steps to follow in order to understand the amount of Fibersol®-2 AG to be used in the formulation. By following the steps and inputting the values of the amount of fiber desired as well as the serving size of the finished product, a quick calculation is performed and the amount of Fibersol®-2 AG to be incorporated into the formula is given as a percentage. In addition, the possible fiber claim is given in the output; please refer to CFR Title 21 Database when making claims. *Calculations are based on gram weight calculations.
5. Q: Is Fibersol®-2 AG heat stable?
A: Fibersol®-2 AG is very heat stable. Fibersol®-2 AG does not break down or change under acidic conditions, and/or pasteurization or other heat treatments, and maintains its fiber content. The improved beverage will be stable throughout is shelf life.
6. Q: Is Fibersol®-2 AG transparent in beverages?
A: Fibersol®-2 AG has unique characteristics that make it ideal for being incorporated into beverage systems. It can be dissolved at levels as high as 70 percent w/w and is stable in acidic conditions (pH 2) and elevated temperatures. Once dissolved, the solution will be transparent.
7. Q: What is Fibersol®-2 AG’s acceptable daily intake?
A: Fibersol®-2 AG is recognized as GRAS in the U.S. as maltodextrin, with no specified limitation for its daily intake. It has a high digestive tolerance, and is non-allergenic.
8. Q: Why use Fibersol®-2 AG in beverage formulations?
A: Most U.S. adults eat only about 14-16 grams of fiber each day, which is about half of the 28-35 grams recommended by the Institute of Medicine (Bialostosky K, et al. Dietary intake of macronutrients, micronutrients and other dietary constituents: United States 1988-94. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat. 11 (245). 2002.) The IOM Food and Nutrition Board has recommended that fiber be consumed at a rate of 14 grams total/ 1000 kcals per day to reduce the risk of chronic disease. Recommendations for adult men are 30-38 grams total fiber/day and 21-25 grams total fiber/day for adult women (Institute of Medicine, 2002/2005. Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids, Ch. 7 (Dietary, Functional and Total Fiber), The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C., pp.339-421.). By incorporating Fibersol®-2 AG into beverages, overall dietary fiber consumption can be increased.
9. Q: If Fibersol®-2AG is GRAS as maltodextrin, then can FS2 replace MDX 1:1 and how is Fibersol®-2AG different from regular, plain maltodextrin itself?
A: Maltodextrin is an oligosaccharide produced by the hydrolysis of starch to a dextrose equivalence (DE) of less than 20. It is most commonly spray-dried into a powdered ingredient. Fibersol-2 AG is broadly considered a maltodextrin, meaning it can be used to replace standard maltodextrin in any application, with similar functionality. The difference is that the oligosaccharide chains in Fibersol-2AG contain many bonds not broken down by the human digestive system, making it 90% soluble dietary fiber.
10. Q: Is Fibersol®-2 AG natural?
A: In the U.S., the Food and Drug Administration does not define “natural” except for colors and flavors. Fibersol®-2 AG is naturally sourced from corn, and is processed by roasting under acidic conditions and enzymatic treatment.
11. Q: Will Fibersol®-2AG give me diarrhea?
A: Fibersol®-2 AG is well tolerated in the digestive system, and has a very high laxation threshold above 70 grams per day.
12. Q: Can you overdose on Fibersol®-2 AG?
A: Fibersol®-2 AG is generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by the FDA, and there are no limitations on usage levels or intake. The possibility of severe gastrointestinal disturbance and laxation exists at high doses, as with any other fiber source. For Fibersol®-2 AG, this high dose is at levels substantially above those which are typically consumed.
13. Q: What is the typical use rate?
A: Food manufacturers seeking to add dietary fiber often want to achieve a fiber claim on the product label, a “good source” or “excellent source” of fiber.” A “good source” claim requires 10% of the RDA for fiber per serving, which is 2.5 grams. An “excellent source” claim requires 20% of the RDA for fiber per serving, which is 5 grams. If Fibersol®-2AG is the sole source of fiber, then 2.8 grams or 5.6 grams would be required per serving for a “good source” or “excellent source” claim, respectively, as Fibersol-2 AG contains 90% fiber. Other products nutritional criteria beyond fiber must be considered as well.
14. Q: How is the fiber in Fibersol®-2 AG measured?
A: Fibersol®-2 AG is measured using AOAC 2001.03. This method is a development of AOAC 985.29, commonly known as the Prosky method. AOAC 985.29 uses an enzymatic treatment to mimic human digestion, then gravimetrically measures the resulting ethanol-insoluble residue. As much of the fiber in Fibersol®-2 AG is low-molecular-weight fiber that is soluble in ethanol, AOAC 985.29 does not completely quantify the fiber content of Fibersol-2 AG. AOAC 2001.03 includes an additional step that measures the low-molecular-weight fiber solubilized in the ethanol filtrate by liquid chromatography, which makes this method able to fully measure the fiber content of Fibersol-2 AG. The AOAC 2001.03 method has regulatory acceptance in most countries, with no objection to its use in the United States.